Wednesday, July 31, 2013

Telangana: India approves a new state

Telangana: India approves a new state

By Nilanjan Mukhopadhyay Jul 31, 2013

After dithering for more than a decade the Congress Party finally bit the bullet and cajoled coalition partners into endorsing the division of the almost 90 million strong state of Andhra Pradesh into two new states: Telangana and Seemandhara. But even after the ruling alliance partners and the highest decision making body of the Congress formally announced the endorsement of the demand for a separate Telangana, questions remained regarding the timeline that is to be followed. It remains to be seen if the new state will become a political reality before the next parliamentary elections, due in less than nine months.

Indian students of Osmania University celebrate with a cake after India's ruling coalition endorsed the creation of a new state - Telangana. Pic: AP.
For a long time it was obvious that the Congress party was unable to make up its mind on announcing the decision to split the existing state because it was unsure about the political consequences. It was evident that the party was in decline in those parts that would remain in the larger portion that is now going to be called Seemandhara. However the reason behind holding back the decision on the provincial split was that party leaders hoped that the decline in the region could be reversed.

Because of this, the Congress steadily lost ground in Telangana region as it had previously committed to a separate state and was seen to be backtracking like previous governments in office. Finally, it seems that the Congress leadership decided that it could do little to stem the tide in the non-Telegana region. As a consequence, it opted to announce the split of Andhra Pradesh in the hope that it would do creditably in the 17 parliamentary seats that will be voted by the people of Telengana while the majority of the remaining 25 seats will largely be split up between the YSR Congress and the Telegu Desam Party.

But there is little doubt that the entire exercise has been conducted in a ham-handed manner. The constitutional process of forming a new state out of an existing one is complex. To begin with, after a political decision has been taken, the existing state assembly has to pass a resolution supporting the geographical division. Once this resolution has been passed by the state legislature, both Houses of Parliament have to pass the law and only thereafter does it go to the President of India for final ratification. The new state can be inaugurated only thereafter. With such a long timeline in sight before the formation of the two new states, it is anyone’s guess how soon this will happen.

The issue of redrawing India has vexed the leaders of the country since independence. When India became independent, large parts of what constitutes India now were not part of British territory but only had suzerainty rights over large parts that were ruled by almost 550 rulers of small and medium Princely States. British territories during the colonial period were mainly divided in arbitrary manner into various Presidencies – Bombay, Bengal and Madras besides provinces like Central Provinces and United Provinces.

From the 1920s, the anti-colonial movement led by the Congress party endorsed the idea of provinces formed on a linguistic basis. But by the time India became independent its leaders also became aware of the divisive nature of linguistic identities. In November 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru conceded the linguistic principle, but said security and stability of India was important and could not be jeopardised by diving the country on linguistic lines. Various committees and commission were set up by Nehru’s government but before the first organised bid at redrawing internal maps was made in 1956, Andhra Pradesh was formed on a linguistic basis after an agitation turned violent when an activist on a fast died.

For more than six decades India has constantly been redrawn time and again in an arbitrary manner because political pressure groups became unmanageable. India was last time recast in 2001 when the states of Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand were carved out of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. By conceding the demand of Telangana, the Centre has opened the Pandora’s Box for many more states for which nascent agitations have been going on for several years.

A couple of years ago when the Telagana agitation was heading for the political quagmire, it had been suggested that the occasion could been used to form the second States Reorganisation Commission. But by not doing so and instead dividing Andhra Pradesh as a single case, the Congress party has lost a chance to take a long term view. The decision shows that the ruling coalition is not looking at anything beyond its present tenure.

Friday, July 26, 2013

Yawd Serk: Military ties with Burma premature before emergence of federal armed forces

Yawd Serk: Military ties with Burma premature before emergence of federal armed forces

Shan Herald/
Friday, 26 July 2013

A federal armed forces that incorporates all the armed forces of the country into a single entity should be in place, before the West establishes closer military ties with Burma, said Sao Yawd Serk, Chairman of the Restoration Council of Shan State/Shan State Army (RCSS/SSA) yesterday.

“Or they will just serve to strengthen the hands of the Tatmadaw (Burmese military) against the resistance forces,” he told a meeting held yesterday on the Thai-Burmese border.

A participant agreed pointing out that, according to the 2008 constitution, the Burmese military’s self-appointed mission, contrary to other democracies, was to wage war not only against external dangers but also internal ones.

Prime Minister David Cameron meets Burmese President Thein Sein in the capital Naypyidaw, on 13 April 2012. (Credit: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire)

This was the first time the leader of the Shan resistance movement that had concluded a ceasefire with Naypyitaw on 2 December 2011 has spoken publicly in response to recent Britian’s approval to $ 5 million arms export licenses to Burma.

The Burmese military has also been offered training courses in human rights, the laws of armed conflicts and the accountability of armed forces in democracies. “The training should not only be provided to the Burma Army, but also to the resistance armed forces,” he said. “It can wait until a federal armed forces has been formed.”

Many of the ethnic groups have proposed that the Chief Minister of a State/Region be elected and he/she, by virtue of it, automatically becomes the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of the state/region concerned.

According to the 2008 constitution, the Chief Minister is appointed by the President. Both of them have no say in military matters.

So far, the RCSS/SSA, like its sister organization in the north, Shan State Progress Party/Shan State Army (SSPP/SSA), has fought more than 100 clashes since the ceasefire. The last one took place in Kyaukme on 24 July. 

Wednesday, July 24, 2013

The 2013 Ramon Magsaysay Awardees Announced

The 2013 Ramon Magsaysay Awardees Announced

25 July 2013

The Board of Trustees of the Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation (RMAF) today announced that this year three individuals and two organizations from Afghanistan, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal and the Philippines will receive Asia’s premier prize, the Ramon Magsaysay Award. The Awardees are:
Ernesto Domingo, from the Philippines. He is being recognized for “his exemplary embrace of the social mission of medical science and his profession, his steadfast leadership in pursuing ‘health for all’ as a shared moral responsibility of all sectors, and his groundbreaking and successful advocacy for neonatal hepatitis vaccination, thereby saving millions of lives in the Philippines.”
Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (Corruption Eradication Commission), from Indonesia. The organization is being recognized for “its fiercely independent and successful campaign against corruption in Indonesia, combining the uncompromising prosecution of erring powerful officials with farsighted reforms in governance systems and the educative promotion of vigilance, honesty, and active citizenship among all Indonesians.”
Lahpai Seng Raw, from Myanmar. She is being recognized for “her quietly inspiring and inclusive leadership—in the midst of deep ethnic divides and prolonged armed conflict—to regenerate and empower damaged communities and to strengthen local NGOs in promoting a non-violent culture of participation and dialogue as the foundation for Myanmar’s peaceful future.”
Habiba Sarabi, from Afghanistan. She is being recognized for “her bold exercise of leadership to build up a functioning provincial government against great odds—intractable political adversities, a harsh and impoverished environment, and pervasive cultural discrimination—serving her people with a hopeful persistence grounded in her abiding commitment to peace and development in Afghanistan”
Shakti Samuha (“Power Group”), from Nepal. The organization’s founders and members are being recognized for “transforming their lives in service to other human trafficking survivors, their passionate dedication towards rooting out a pernicious social evil in Nepal, and the radiant example they have shown the world in reclaiming the human dignity that is the birthright of all abused women and children everywhere.”
Established in 1957, the Ramon Magsaysay Award is Asia’s highest honor and is widely regarded as the region’s equivalent of the Nobel Prize. It celebrates the memory and leadership example of the third Philippine president, and is given every year to individuals or organizations in Asia who manifest the same sense of selfless service that ruled the life of the late and beloved Filipino leader.
“The Magsaysay awardees of 2013,” says RMAF President Carmencita Abella, “are three remarkable individuals and two amazing organizations, all deeply involved in creating sustainable solutions to seemingly intransigent social problems in their respective societies, problems which are most damaging to the lives of those trapped in poverty or ignorance. These problems are manifest in seemingly very diverse and disparate issues--prolonged armed conflict, preventable disease and death, human trafficking and exploitation, corruption with impunity, weak governance and political instability--yet each of this year’s awardees is showing us that there are ways to build genuine success, one smart and persistent step at a time. Working selflessly in unpretentious yet powerful ways, they are showing us how commitment, competence and collaborative leadership can truly create ripples of change, even from the bottom of the pyramid.
“While their solutions are distinctively their own, there is one thing these Magsaysay laureates share: a greatness of spirit that infuses their leadership for change. Working with others, they all single-mindedly apply their skills and energies to their passion for improving the lives of others. They all refuse to give up, despite daunting adversity and opposition. They are all deeply rooted in hope. We have much to learn from them, and much to celebrate about their greatness of spirit.”
The five 2013 Magsaysay awardees join the community of 296 other Magsaysay laureates who have received Asia’s highest honor to date. This year’s Magsaysay Award winners will each receive a certificate, a medallion bearing the likeness of the late President, and a cash prize. They will be formally conferred the Magsaysay Award during formal Presentation Ceremonies to be held on Saturday, 31 August 2013 at the Cultural Center of the Philippines, to which the public is cordially invited.
For more information, please contact:
Mr. Manuel H. Hizon
RMAF Communications Director
Tel. No.: +63-2-521-3166 to 75 locals 161 or 180
Telefax: +63-2-524-2390

Sunday, July 21, 2013


List of Presidents of Burma


Titles of the head of state

Although currently accorded the title of president, Burma's heads of state have been given a number of titles throughout the country's history, often relating to the chairmanship of various executive councils:
A.      1948–1962: President of the Union of Burma
B.      1962–1974: Chairman of the Union Revolutionary Council
C.      1974–1988: President of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma
D.      1988–1997: Chairman of the State Law and Order Restoration Council
E.       1997–2011: Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council
F.       2011–: President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar
List of Presidents of Burma
1.    Sao Shwe Taik         4 January 1948 – 16 March 1952
2.    Ba U                           16 March 1952 – 13 March 1957
3.    Mahn Win Maung     13 March 1957 – 2 March 1962
4.    Ne Win                       4 July 1962 – 2 March 1974 (Military/ Union Revolution Council)
5.    Ne Win                       2 March 1974 – 9 November 1981(BSPP)
6.    San Yu                       9 November 1981 – 27 July 1988
7.    Sein Lwin                   27 July 1988 – 12 August 1988
8.    Aye Ko                       12 August 1988 – 19 August 1988
9.    Maung Maung           19 August 1988 – 18 September 1988
10. Saw Maung               18 September 1988 – 23 April 1992
11. Than Shwe                23 April 1992 – 30 March 2011
12. Thein Sein                 30 March 2011 – Present
Overseas Kachin Association
July 21, 2013

Thursday, July 11, 2013

ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ အတူယွဥ္တြဲ ေနထိုင္ၾကဖို႔

ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ အတူယွဥ္တြဲ ေနထိုင္ၾကဖို႔


တိဘတ္ ဘုန္းေတာ္ႀကီးမ်ားရဲ ႔ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး ဆုေတာင္ပြဲ in New Delhi, India

ျမန္္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ မတူကြဲျပားတဲ့ လူမႈအသိုင္းအဝိုင္း တခုႏွင့္တခု ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာအတူယွဥ္တြဲ ေနထိုင္ႏိုင္ဖို႔ အတြက္ သမုိင္းကို ျပန္ၾကည့္သင့္တယ္။ ျမန္မာ့သမိုင္းမွာ မတူကြဲျပားသူေတြ လြတ္လပ္ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္စြာ ေနထိုင္ ႏိုင္ခဲ့ၾကတယ္လို႔ ျမန္မာအေရးကို ရာစုဝက္ေက်ာ္ေက်ာ္ ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ ေလ့လာခဲ့တဲ့ အေမရိကန္ ပါေမာကၡ Josef Silverstein က ေျပာၾကားလိုက္ပါတယ္။ New Jersey Rutgers တကၠသိုလ္က ဂုဏ္ထူးေဆာင္ ပါေမာကၡ Josef Silverstein ႏွင့္ ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ေဆြးေႏြးသံုးသပ္ တင္ျပထားပါတယ္။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ ဆရာႀကီး Silverstein ခင္ဗ်ာ။ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရဲ႕ အမ်ိဳးသားေရးစိတ္ဓာတ္မွာ ဗုဒၶဘာသာဟာ ဘယ္ေလာက္အေရးပါ ပါသလဲ။ ဆိုတာက ျမန္္မာ့အမ်ိဳးသား စိတ္ဓာတ္သည္ Secular Nationalism လို႔ေခၚတဲ့ ဘာသာေရးႏွင့္ ကင္းလြတ္ေသာအမ်ိဳးသားေရး စိတ္ဓာတ္လား။ သို႔မဟုတ္ ဗုဒၶ ဘာသာႏွင့္ ဆက္စပ္မႈရွိေနပါသလား ဆရာႀကီး ဘယ္လို သေဘာရပါသလဲ။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ ဗုဒၶဘာသာႏွင့္ အမ်ိဳးသားေရး ဆက္စပ္ေနပါသလား။ တခုႏွင့္တခု ဆက္စပ္ ေနပါ တယ္။ အတူတူေတာ့ မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။ ဒါေပမယ့္ လူတစ္ေယာက္ဟာ အမ်ိဳးသားေရးဝါဒီေကာ ဗုဒၶဘာသာဝင္ ေကာ အတူတူျဖစ္ႏိုင္ပါတယ္။ တခုႏွင့္တခုဟာ ဖီလာဆန္႔က်င္ မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ ဆိုေတာ့ ျမန္မာ့အမ်ိဳးသားေရး စိတ္ဓာတ္ဟာ Secular Nationalism လို႔ေခၚတဲ့ ဘာသာေရးႏွင့္ ကင္းလြတ္ေသာ အမ်ိဳးသားေရးဝါဒ မဟုတ္ဘူးေပါ့။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ ဗုဒၶဘာသာဟာ ဘဝေနေရးအတြက္ သိပ္အေရးပါတဲ့ နည္းလမ္းတရပ္ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါဟာ အေတြးအေခၚ ယံုၾကည္မႈတရပ္သာမကပါဘူး။ လူေတြဟာ တစ္ဦးႏွင့္တစ္ဦး ဘယ္လို ဆက္ဆံေနထိုင္ရမလဲဆိုတဲ့ နည္းလမ္းလည္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဘဝလမ္းညႊန္ပါ။ ဒီအတိုင္း လိုက္နာမယ္ဆိုရင္ ဘယ္သူမဆို ဘယ္သူႏွင့္မဆို ေနထိုင္ႏိုင္တဲ့ တစ္ေယာက္ႏွင့္တစ္ေယာက္ ပဋိပကၡမျဖစ္ဘဲ ေနထိုင္ၾကရမွာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ တဖက္ကို တဖက္က ေလးစားရမယ့္ နည္းလမ္းလည္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ ဆိုလိုတာက ဘာသာျခားေတြႏွင့္ ဗုဒၶဘာသာဝင္ေတြႏွင့္ အတူတူယွဥ္တြဲေနထိုင္ႏိုင္ တဲ့လမ္းစဥ္ ဆိုတဲ့သေဘာေပါ့။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ လံုးဝ မွန္ကန္ပါတယ္။ ဒါဟာ ျမန္မာ့သမိုင္းရဲ႕ တစိတ္တေဒသလည္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒီကေန႔ ျပႆနာတခုကေတာ့ လူေတြဟာသမိုင္းကို ျပန္မဖတ္ၾကေတာ့သာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ လူေတြဟာ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ လာေရာက္ျပီး စတင္အေျခက်ေနထိုင္ခဲ့ၾကတာ အဲဒီအထဲမွာ မတူကြဲျပားတဲ့ လူမ်ိဳးေတြ၊ ဘာသာတရားေတြ၊ လူမႈအသိုင္းအဝိုင္းေတြ အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳး ရွိခဲ့ပါတယ္။ သူတို႔ေတြဟာ ျငိမ္းျငိမ္းခ်မ္းခ်မ္း ေနထိုင္လာခဲ့ႀကပါတယ္။ ေပ်ာ္ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္ရႊင္ ေနထိုင္လာခဲ့ၾကပါတယ္။ တမ်ိဳးႏွင့္တမ်ိဳး ဝင္ေရာက္ဖက္စြက္ တာလည္း မရွိခဲ့ၾကပါဘူး။ဘာသာအယူဝါဒ မတူသူေတြကို အတင္း ဘာသာေျပာင္းေစဖို႔ ႀကိဳးပမ္းခဲ့ တာမ်ိဳးလည္း မရွိခဲ့ပါဘူး။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ ဆိုရင္ ဒီကေန႔ျဖစ္လာတဲ့ ပဋိပကၡေတြ အႀကမ္းဖက္မႈေတြၾကေတာ့ ဘာသာေရး အသြင္ေဆာင္တဲ့ ပဋိပကၡမ်ိဳးေတြ ျဖစ္ေနတယ္ေပါ့ ဆရာႀကီး။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ အႀကမ္းဖက္မႈေတြဟာလည္း ေရရွည္ျဖစ္ထြန္းလာခဲ့တဲ့ ကိစၥတရပ္ပါပဲ။ တနည္းေျပာရရင္ အခုေနာက္ဆံုး ရာစုႏွစ္မွာပါ။ ဒါကိုလည္း ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ျဖစ္ထြန္း ရပ္တည္လာမႈႏွင့္ ယွဥ္ျပီးေတာ့ ရႈျမင္ႀကရမွာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ သမိုင္းကို နည္းနည္းျပန္ေကာက္ရမယ္ဆိုရင္ ဗမာေတြ ျမန္မာအလယ္ပိုင္းတခြင္ကို အုပ္စိုးထားခဲ့စဥ္တုန္းက ေဒသတနံတလ်ားက လူမ်ိဳးစုေတြ ဘာသာေရး အသိုင္းအဝိုင္းေတြ လူမႈဝန္းက်င္ေတြကို သူတို႔ဟာ သူတို႔ ကုိယ္ပိုင္အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ခြင့္ေပးထားခဲ့ ပါတယ္။ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္က ခ်မွတ္ထားတဲ့ေဘာင္အတြင္း ေနထိုင္သမွ် ကာလပတ္လံုး ဒီလိုပဲခြင့္ျပဳထားခဲ့တာပါ။ ဒါဟာ ၂၀ ရာစုအစပိုင္းမွာ တစုႏွင့္တစု သေဘာထား မတူညီမႈေတြ ျဖစ္လာျပီး စတင္ ယိုင္နဲ႔လာခဲ့ပါတယ္။ တကယ္ေတာ့ အိမ္နီးခ်င္းေတြ အခ်င္းခ်င္းရန္ျဖစ္တာ စစ္တိုက္တာဟာ ဗုဒၶဘာသာ အစဥ္အလာ၊ အစၥလာမ္အစဥ္အလာ မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။ အိမ္နီးခ်င္းေတြႀကား ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာႏွင့္ လြတ္လြတ္လပ္လပ္ ေနထိုင္ခဲ့တဲ့ အစဥ္အလာေတြသာ ရွိခဲ့ပါတယ္။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ ဆရာႀကီးက ဘာသာတရားႏွစ္ခုစလံုးဟာ ေပ်ာ္ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္ရႊင္၊ ျငိမ္းျငိမ္းခ်မ္းခ်မ္း ယွဥ္တြဲေနထိုင္တဲ့ အစဥ္အလာရွိတယ္ဆိုေတာ့ အခု ျပႆနာေတြ ျဖစ္လာတာၾကေတာ့ေကာ။ အဲဒီတုန္းက ေကာင္းခဲ့တဲ့ အစဥ္အလာေတြ အခုဆိတ္သုဥ္းသြားခဲ့ျပီးလား သို႔မဟုတ္ အခုအခါမွ တဖက္ကိုတဖက္ လႊမ္းမိုးခ်င္တဲ့ စိတ္ေတြမ်ား ပိုမိုေပၚလြင္လာလို႔လားဆိုတာ ဘယ္လိုေျပာမလဲ ခင္ဗ်ာ။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ အခုအခါ က်ေနာ္တို႔ေတြ႔ႀကံဳလာရတဲ့ျပႆနာေတြ တိုက္ခိုက္မႈေတြ သေဘာကြဲလြဲမႈေတြဟာ အဓိကအားျဖင့္ ဗမာေတြအေနႏွင့္ ၾသဇာအာဏာကို လူထုအသိုင္းအဝိုင္း တခုလံုးအတြက္ မွ်မွ်တတ ခြဲေဝက်င့္သံုးဖို႔ ပ်က္ကြက္ရာကတဆင့္ ေပါက္ဖြားလာတာပါ။ သမိုင္းမွာလည္း အုပ္စိုးသူ ဘုရင္မရွိတဲ့အခါ ဒါမွမဟုတ္ အုပ္စိုးတဲ့ဘုရင္ အင္အားေပ်ာ့ညံ့တဲ့အခါမွာ လူေတြဟာ အုပ္စုလိုက္ တျခားအုပ္စုေတ ြလာေရာက္တိုက္ခိုက္မွာစိုးလို႔ ကာကြယ္ခုခံလာၾကပါတယ္။ ဆိုေတာ့ ဒီကေန႔အခါမွာ ျမန္မာျပည္သူေတြ ႀကံဳေတြ႔ေနရတဲ့ စိတ္ဝမ္းကြဲျပားမႈေတြ လူမႈဒုကၡေတြဟာ ေကာင္းမြန္တဲ့ အုပ္စုိးမႈ စနစ္တရပ္ကို မ်ိဳးဆက္တခုက တခုကို နည္းလမ္းတက် လြဲေျပာင္းခ်မွတ္ေပးႏိုင္ျခင္း မရွိတဲ့ရလဒ္ေတြလို႔ က်ေနာ္ထင္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ျမန္မာ့ လူ႔အဖြဲ႔အစည္းဟာ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေသာ လူ႔အဖြဲ႔အစည္းတရပ္ ျဖစ္မလာပဲ တစ္ေယာက္လည္ပင္းကို တစ္ေယာက္ ညစ္ဖို႔ႀကိဳးစားတဲ့ လူ႔အဖြဲ႔အစည္း ျဖစ္ေနရတာပါ။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ ဆိုေတာ့ ဒီပဋိပကၡေတြဟာ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ အတူယွဥ္တြဲလာၾကသူေတြအထဲက ေျပာင္းလဲေပၚထြန္းလာတဲ့ သေဘာေပါ့။ တနည္း ေျပာရရင္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးကတဆင့္ ေပါက္ဖြားလာတဲ့ အႀကမ္းဖက္မႈေတြလို႔ ဆိုရမွာေပါ့။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ ကြဲျပားတဲ့ လူမ်ိဳးစုေတြ အၾကား ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး မတည္တံ့ႏိုင္ဘူး ဆိုတဲ့ အေျခအေနေတြ အယူအဆေတြကေတာ့ မရွိခဲ့ဘူးလို႔ ထင္ပါတယ္။ စိန္ေခၚမႈ တစုံတရာ မရွိဘဲ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး တည္တံ့ခဲ့တဲ့ ကာလလည္း ရွည္ရွည္လ်ားလ်ား ရွိခဲ့ပါတယ္။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ ဆိုေတာ့ အရင္က မရွိခဲ့ပဲ အခုရွိလာတာၾကေတာ့ေကာ ဆရာႀကီး။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ အခုေတာ့ အယူဆသစ္ေတြကို ျပင္ပက လူေတြကေနတဆင့္ တင္သြင္းလာတာေတြ႔ ျမင္ေနရပါတယ္။ ျပင္ပက ဝင္ေရာက္လာသူေတြဟာ သူတို႔ႏွင့္အတူ စိတ္မခ်မ္းသာစရာေတြ၊ မုန္းတီးစိတ္ ေတြ၊ သေဘာထား ကြဲလြဲမႈေတြကို သယ္ေဆာင္လာျပီး ျပည္တြင္းမွာ ကာလရွည္ႀကာစြာ ျငိမ္းျငိမ္းခ်မ္းခ်မ္း ေနထိုင္လာသူေတြဆီ သြတ္သြင္းေပးေနၾကတာ ေတြ႔ရပါတယ္။ အဲဒီလိုႏွင့္ ႏွစ္ေပါင္းမ်ားစြာတည္ရွိလာခဲ့တ့ဲ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းမႈ ပ်က္ျပားစရာေတြ ျဖစ္လာရတယ္လို႔ ထင္ပါတယ္။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ ေနာက္တခုက ဖဆပလေခတ္တုန္းကလည္း ဗုဒၶဘာသာကို ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ ဘာသာအျဖစ္ ျပဌာန္းဖို႔ ဆိုတဲ့ ကိစၥႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္ျပီးေတာ့ ျပႆနာ တက္ခဲ့ရတယ္လို႔ ဖတ္ရပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ ဒီလုိအထိ ဆိုးတဲ့ အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈေတြေတာ့ မျဖစ္ခဲ့ဘူးေပါ့ ခင္ဗ်ာ။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ ဒီလို အယူအဆမ်ိဳးႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္ျပီးေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ စိုးရိမ္ပါတယ္။ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ ဘာသာဆိုတဲ့ အယူအဆဟာ အေတာ္ေလး ေနာက္ပိုင္းက်မွ ေပၚထြက္လာတဲ့ အယူအဆ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ အတိတ္ကာလ ၁၉ရာစု၊ ၁၈ ရာစုကို ျပန္ၾကည့္မယ္ဆိုရင္ ဘာသာကိုးကြယ္မႈ မတူညီတူ ေတြဟာ နီးနီးကပ္ကပ္ေနထိုင္ခဲ့ႀကပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ သူတို႔ ေခါင္းေဆာင္မႈႏွင့္ သူတို႔နည္းႏွင့္ သူတို႔ ေနထိုင္ခဲ့ႀကတာပါ။ တစ္ေယာက္အေရး တစ္ေယာက္ ဝင္စြက္ဖက္တာလည္း မရွိခဲ့ပါဘူး။ ဒါေပမယ့္ ေခတ္သစ္ေရာက္လာေတာ့ အထူးသျဖင့္ ဗုဒၶဘာသာဝင္တခ်ိဳ႕က ဗုဒၶဘာသာသည္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ဘာသာ ျဖစ္ရမည္လို႔ ေတာင္းဆိုလာၾကပါတယ္။ တကယ္ေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ဘာသာ ဆိုတာမရွိပါဘူး။ လူအမ်ားစုက ဗုဒၶဘာသာကိုးကြယ္ၾကေတာ့ သူတို႔ဟာသူတို႔ က်င့္ႀကံလုိက္နာႀကဖို႔ပဲ ရွိပါတယ္။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ အခုလိုဆိုေတာ့ ေရွးတုန္းက ဘာသာကြဲ လူမ်ိးကြဲ ျပႆနာမရွိဘဲ အတူယွဥ္တြဲ ေနထိုင္လာႀကတယ္။ အခုေနာက္ပိုင္းက်ေတာ့ ဘာသာေရး လူမ်ိဳးေရး ပဋိပကၡေတြ ျဖစ္လာတယ္ဆိုေတာ့ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသမိုင္းက ေခတ္သစ္က်မွ တိုးတက္မလာဘဲ ေနာက္ျပန္ဆုတ္ေန တယ္ဆိုတဲ့သေဘာေပါ့ ဆရာႀကီး ခင္ဗ်။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ က်ေနာ္ အျပည့္အဝ သေဘာတူပါတယ္။ မတူကြဲျပားတဲ့ လူ႔အဖြဲ႔အစည္းေတြဟာ သူတို႔အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးႏွင့္ သူတို႔ အတူယွဥ္တြဲ ေနထိုင္ခဲ့ၾကပါတယ္။ ဗမာဘုရင္ကို အႀကီးအမွဳးအျဖစ္ အသိအမွတ္ျပဳ လက္ခံထားၾကျပီး အခ်င္းခ်င္း သဟဇာတရွိ ေနထိုင္ခဲ့ၾကပါတယ္။ ဗမာဘုရင္ ကလည္း သူတို႔နည္းႏွင့္ သူတို႔ ေနခြင့္ျပဳထားခဲ့ၾကပါတယ္။ သူတို႔ကိစၥကို ဝင္မစြက္ခဲ့ပါဘူး။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ျမန္မာ့သမိုင္္းမွာ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး ရွိခဲ့ပါတယ္။ လူမႈစစ္ပြဲေတြ မရွိခဲ့ပါဘူး။ ျပည္ပတိုင္းျပည္ေတြႏွင့္ေတာ့ စစ္ပြဲေတြ အမ်ားႀကီး ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဥပမာ ထုိင္း ႏွင့္ ဗမာစစ္ပြဲေတြ အမ်ားႀကီး ျဖစ္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ ဒါဟာလည္း ဘာသာကိုးကြယ္မႈ ကြဲျပားျခားနားလို႔ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့တဲ့စစ္ပြဲေတြ မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။
ဦးေက်ာ္ဇံသာ ။ ။ ဟုတ္ကဲ့ ဆရာႀကီး။ အဲဒီေတာ့ ေရွ႔ကို ေမွ်ာ္ျပီးႀကည့္မယ္ဆိုရင္ ဒီလို သဟဇာတ ရွိရွိ ျငိမ္းျငိမ္းခ်မ္းခ်မ္းႏွင့္ မတူကြဲျပားမႈေတြအၾကား ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ ေနထိုင္ႏိုင္တဲ့စနစ္ကို ျပန္သြားဖို႔အတြက္ အဲဒီစနစ္မ်ိဳးကို ဖန္တီးဖို႔အတြက္ ဘာေတြကို က်ေနာ္တို႔ ျပဳျပင္ၾကရမလဲ။ စနစ္ကို ျပဳျပင္ရမလား။ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ကို ေျပာင္းလဲရမလား။ သုိ႔မဟုတ္ လူ႔အဖြဲ႔အစည္း လူေတြရဲ႕ စိတ္ေနသေဘာသဘာဝကို ေျပာင္းလဲရမလား။
Josef Silverstein ။ ။ ဒါကိုလည္း ေနာက္ျပန္လွည့္ၾကည့္ရမွာပါ။ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေအာင္ဆန္းကို ေတြ႔ရပါလိမ့္မယ္။ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေအာင္ဆန္းဟာ ျမန္မာျပည္သူူေတြကို ဦးေဆာင္ျပီး ပင္လံုညီလာခံ လုပ္စဥ္တုန္းက လူမ်ိဳးစုေတြ သူတို႔ဟာသူတို႔ လြတ္လြတ္လပ္လပ္ စီမံအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ ေနထိုင္ပိုင္ခြင့္ကို ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။ မူစလင္ေတြကိုေသာ္လည္းေကာင္း တျခားအုပ္စုေတြကိုေသာ္လည္းေကာင္း ေျပာင္းလဲဖို႔ သူမလုပ္ခဲ့၊ မေျပာခဲ့ပါဘူး။ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေျပျပစ္မႈ ရွိေနသမွ် သူတို႔ဘာသာ သူတို႔ေနၾကဖို႔သာ ေျပာခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေအာင္ဆန္းဟာ Federal ျပည္ေထာင္စု ဖြဲ႔အစည္းေရးကို လုိလားပါတယ္။ လူမ်ိဳးစုေတြ တစုကိုတစု ဝင္မစြက္ဖက္ဘဲ ကိုယ့္ဘာသာကိုယ္ ေနထိုင္ေရးပဲ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အဲဒီဇစ္ျမစ္ကို အခု ျပန္မသြားၾကေတာ့ပါဘူး။ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ဘာသာ ဆုိတာမ်ိဳးေတြ လုပ္ခ်င္လာပါတယ္။ က်န္လူမ်ိဳးစုအေပၚ ႀကီးစိုးခ်ယ္လွယ္လာခ်င္ၾကပါတယ္။ဆိုေတာ့ က်ေနာ့္သေဘာေျပာရရင္ သမိုင္းကို ျပန္ႀကည့္ႀကပါ။ေလ့လာႀကပါ။ အဲဒီမွာ ျမန္မာလူမ်ိဳးေတြ သဟဇာတရွိရွိ ေပ်ာ္ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္ရႊင္ ေနထိုင္ခဲ့ႀက တာကို ေတြ႔ၾကရပါလိမ့္မယ္။

Thursday, July 4, 2013

ေခါင္းႏွစ္လံုးနဲ႔ေႁမြဆိုတာ အစာအိမ္တလံုးထဲေပမဲ့ တေခါင္းနဲ႔တေခါင္း မတည့္ဘူး

ေခါင္းႏွစ္လံုးနဲ႔ေႁမြဆိုတာ အစာအိမ္တလံုးထဲေပမဲ့ တေခါင္းနဲ႔တေခါင္း မတည့္ဘူး

ေန ့သစ္/ Renaissance
Wednesday, July 3, 2013


သမတ႐ံုး ဝန္ႀကီး ဦးေအာင္မင္း နႈတ္ထြက္စာတင္တဲ့သတင္းေတြ ထြက္လာတယ္။ ျဖစ္ႏိုင္မျဖစ္ႏိုင္ ဆိုတာထက္ ဦးသိန္းစိန္ အစိုးရထဲမွာ ျပႆနာ ျဖစ္ေနတာေတာ့ ေသခ်ာသေလာက္ပဲ။ ဦးေအာင္မင္းက ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးကိစၥ လုပ္ေနတယ္။ ဒါေပမဲ့ လူေတာ္ေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားမသိၾကတာက သူဟာ မီးစတဖက္၊ ေရ မုတ္တဖက္ ကိုင္ထား တယ္ဆိုတာပဲ။
ဦးေအာင္မင္း လူသူမသိ ထိမ္းထားတဲ့အဖဲြ႔က NIB အမ်ဳိးသားေထာက္လွမ္းေရး အဖဲြ႔ပဲ။ ဦးခင္ညြန္႔ အလြန္မွာ ျဖဳတ္ လိုက္သလိုလို သတင္းထုတ္ထားၿပီး အစိုးရရဲ႕ လွ်ဳိ႕ဝွက္ေက်ာသပ္ေမြးထားတဲ့ အဖဲြ႔ျဖစ္တယ္။ လက္ပန္ေတာင္း အေရး အခင္း၊ ရခိုင္အေရးအခင္းေတြကို ေနာက္ကြယ္က မီးစတဖက္ ေရမုတ္တဖက္နဲ႔ လွ်ဳိ႕ဝွက္လုပ္ေနသူဟာ ဦးေအာင္ ေသာင္း လို႔ လူေတြက ျမင္ၾကေပမဲ့ ဦးေအာင္မင္း ထဲထဲဝင္ဝင္ ပတ္သက္ေနတယ္ဆိုတာေတာ့ လူ သိပ္မသိဘူး။ လက္ ဆုပ္လက္ကိုင္ျပဖို႔ကလည္း ခက္တာကိုး။
ဦးေအာင္မင္းက ပါးနပ္တယ္၊ ဆင္ၾကံၾကံတတ္တယ္၊ သူအျပံဳးနဲ႔ သူ႔မ်က္လံုးမွာေပၚေနတဲ့ အရိပ္ကို ဖံုးကြယ္မရဘူး။ စကားေျပာတာ ပြင့္လင္းသလိုလိုနဲ႔ နႈတ္ဂတိေပးလည္း သိပ္လြယ္တယ္။ ႀကိတ္ၿပီး သမတ မွန္းေနတဲ့ ဝန္ႀကီးဦးစိုးသိန္း နဲ႔ သူနဲ႔က စကားေဖာင္းပြတယ္၊ ကေလးေတြလို ဂတိေပးလြယ္တယ္။ တိုင္းရင္းသားအဖဲြ႔ေတြနဲ႔ ဒီမိုအင္အားစုေတြကို ေနာက္ကြယ္မွာ ေလွာင္ေျပာင္ ဟားတိုက္တတ္သူေတြ ျဖစ္တယ္။ သူတို႔ရဲ႕လက္ဦးဆရာ ဦးသန္းေရႊ လိုပဲ အာလူးမ်ား တယ္။ (ဦးသန္းေရႊလည္း အရည္မရ အဖတ္မရ စကားေတြကို တပ္မွဴးညီလာခံမွာ တနာရီ၊ တနာရီခဲြၾကာ မရွက္မရြံ႕ အာတတ္တယ္၊ က်ေနာ့မွာ သူတို႔ေျပာတဲ့ အသံဖိုင္ေတြ သက္ေသရိွတယ္) လက္ပံေတာင္းက ေႁမြတြင္းကို ေဒၚေအာင္ ဆန္းစုၾကည္ရဲ႕ လက္နဲ႔ အငွားနိႈက္ခိုင္းသလို၊ ရွစ္ေလးလံုး မင္းကိုႏိုင္၊ ကိုကိုႀကီးတို႔နဲ႔ အမႈတဲြဖို႔ပါ ဦးေအာင္မင္း က်ဳိးစား ခဲ့ဖူးတယ္။ ကိုယ့္လူေတြနပ္လို႔ ေခ်ာက္မက်တာ။ ဒါေတာင္ တာဝန္ယူရဲတဲ့ ေဒၚစုနဲ႔ ျပည္သူေတြထိတ္တိုက္ေတြ႔ေအာင္ လုပ္ႏိုင္ခဲ့သလို ေဒၚစု အေပၚလူထု ယံုၾကည္မႈ က်ဆင္း ေအာင္ ဖန္တီးခဲ့တယ္။ ဦးေအာင္မင္းက အဲလို ဆင္ၾကံၾကံတတ္ တာကို ေျပာတာပါ။
ဦးေအာင္မင္းရဲ႕ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးမစ္ရွင္ႀကီးကလည္း ျခစားမႈေတြ၊ ပဲြစားခႀကီးျမင့္မႈေတြနဲ႔ၾကံဳရတယ္။ ေနာ္ေဝးကခ်ေပးတဲ့ ေငြက ကုလားခတ္တဲ့ေရ ကုလားဖင္ေဆးလို႔ ကုန္ရကိန္းပဲ။ ပညာရိွေယာင္ေဆာင္ေနတဲ့ ကိုမင္းေဇာ္ဦးတို႔ ဦးလွေမာင္ ေရႊတို႔၊ ဦးတင္ေမာင္သန္းတို႔က သမတ ရတဲ့ လစာထက္ ၂ဆ ပိုယူေနတယ္။ ေဒၚလာတေသာင္း လစာယူၿပီး ကခ်င္ ကိစၥကို ထိမ္းၿပီးကစားေနတယ္။ စိတ္ေစတနာေကာင္းေပၚအေျခမခံဘဲ ဘယ္ေတာ့မွ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးမရႏိုင္ဘူး။ ကိုမင္း ေဇာ္ဦးတို႔ ကိုေဇာ္ဦးတို႔က ABSDF နာမည္ခံၿပီး ABSDF ကို အသံုးခ် တက္နင္း သြားၾကသူေတြလို႔ နာမည္ႀကီးတယ္။ အေရးေတာ္ပံုဘက္ေတာ္သားကို သစၥာေဖာက္ ေနသူေတြက ဘယ္လို ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးမ်ဳိးကို အေကာင္အထည္ ေဖာ္မွာလဲ၊ မျဖစ္ႏိုင္ဘူး။ ဒီေတာ့ သူတို႔လည္း ကမ္းနားသစ္ပင္ေတြ ျဖစ္ရပ္မ်ဳိး မၾကာခင္ၾကံဳရေတာ့မယ္ဆိုတာ နမိတ္ဖတ္ခဲ့ပရေစ။
ေသခ်ာတာက ဦးေအာင္မင္းတို႔အုပ္စု (သမတ လူၾကမ္းမ်ားအုပ္စု) က ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္နဲ႔ ဦးေရႊမန္းတို႔ရဲ႕ လႊတ္ ေတာ္အုပ္စုေတြ အတဲြမိလို႔ပဲြဖ်က္ဖို႔ က်ဳိးစားတဲ့လုပ္ရပ္ပဲ။ ၉၆၉ ကင္ပိန္းေတြကို မသိခ်င္ေယာင္ေဆာင္ ထားတာ၊ ခုတ ေလာ လႈပ္ရွားတက္ႂကြ ဘဂဝါအုပ္စုရဲ႕ မ်ဳိးေစာင့္ဥပေဒတို႔ တိုင္းမ္ မဂၢဇင္း႐ံႈ႕ခ်ဆႏၵျပပဲြတို႔ကို သမတ လူၾကမ္းအုပ္က အသာလႊတ္ၿပီးေမြးထုတ္လိုက္တာဟာ ဘုန္းႀကီးေတြရဲ႕ သူေကာင္းျပဳခံဖို႔နဲ႔၊ ဘုန္းႀကီးအားေပး ဒကာ ဒကာမ မဲေတြ ရခ်င္လို႔ ျဖစ္တယ္။ ဘယ္ပညာတတ္မွ လက္မခံႏိုင္တဲ့ ေျခေျချမစ္ျမစ္လည္းမရိွ၊ ကိုယ့္ျပည္သူေတြနဲ႔ အမ်ဳိးသမီးထုအ ေပၚ မိႈခ်ဳိးမွ်စ္ခ်ဳိး ေစာ္ကားတဲ့ အဲဒီ မ်ဳိးေစာင့္ဥပေဒဆိုတာႀကီးကို လႊတ္ေတာ္က ဘယ္နည္းနဲ႔မွ လက္ခံစဥ္းစားေပးမွာ မဟုတ္ဘူးဆိုတာ နည္းနည္းေလးစဥ္းစားတတ္သူတိုင္း သိတယ္။ သမတ လူၾကမ္းေတြက လႊတ္ေတာ္မွာပဲြဆူေအာင္ ဘဂဝါ ဗံုးပစ္သြင္းလိုက္တာပါ။ ဘဂဝါအုပ္စု ဆိုတာကလည္း ႏိုင္ငံေရးနပ္ၾကတာမဟုတ္၊ သူတို႔အဆုိကိုု လက္မခံရင္ တသက္လံုး မိုးထဲေလထဲ အနစ္နာခံက်ဳိးစားလုပ္ေဆာင္လာတဲ့ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္း စုၾကည္ ကိုေတာင္ ေျမာင္းထဲေမ်ာျပစ္ မယ္လို႔ ေစာ္ကားလိုက္ေသးတယ္။
ဟိုတေန႔ကပဲ ဦးေရႊမန္းက မီဒီယာမွာ အကဲြအျပဲ ေကာလဟလေတြ မယံုၾကည္နဲ႔ေျပာလို႔ ကဲြတာေသခ်ာၿပီဟလို႔ ေတြး မိေသးတယ္။ သူလည္း သမတ လုပ္မယ္လို႔ေျပာကတည္းက ဦးသိန္းစိန္ကို စိမ္ေခၚလိုက္မွန္း လူတိုင္း သိတယ္။ သူသာ သမတ ျဖစ္ရင္ တိုင္းရင္းသားေသြးစည္းညီညြတ္ေရးကို ပိုလုပ္ႏိုင္မယ္လို႔ ထုတ္ေျပာလိုက္တာ ကလည္း ဦးေအာင္မင္း လုပ္ေနတာေလာက္ေတာ့ အေပ်ာ့ေပါ့လို႔ သတိေပးလိုက္တာပဲ။ ဦးေရႊမန္းကေတာ့ ဦးသိန္းစိန္ထက္ နည္းနည္းပြင့္လင္း ပံုရတယ္၊ သမတ ဦးသိန္းစိန္က တခ်ိန္က ဦးေနဝင္းရဲ႕ ႐ုပ္ေသး မဆလ သမတ ဦးစန္းယုနဲ႔ သဘာဝခ်င္းခတ္ဆင္ဆင္။ မခုတ္တဲ့ေၾကာင္လိုလို၊ ေပ်ာ့ေပ်ာ့နဲ႔နံတဲ့ ေၾကာင္ခ်ီးလိုလို။ ေခတ္ဘာပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္ ျပည္သူေတြက ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ ကို အားေပးေထာက္ခံေနဆဲမို႔ ဦးေရႊမန္းလည္း ကၽြဲကူးေရပါသေဘာ အႀကိဳက္ေတြ႔ရင္ လက္ခုတ္သံရလာႏိုင္တယ္။ “ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ သမတ အျဖစ္ ယွဥ္ၿပိဳင္ႏိုင္ေအာင္ ဥပေဒျပင္ေပးမယ္”၊ “ဖယ္ဒရယ္မူကိုက်င့္သံုးရမယ္” ဆိုတဲ့ လူထုႀကိဳက္လံုးေတြေၾကာင့္ အေျပာကေတာ့ ေရႊမန္း ျဖစ္ေနတုန္းပါ။
ဘာပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္ အာဏာရွင္ေတြၾကားအားၿပိဳင္မႈေတြကေတာ့ ေပၚေနၿပီ။ ဒါေပမဲ့ ကိုယ့္ဘက္ကိုယ္ယက္ေတြးၿပီးအားက် မေနပါနဲ႔အံုး။ အာဏာရွင္ေတြဆိုတာ အာဏာမရိွရင္ မေနတတ္သလို၊ ရသေလာက္မ်ဳိတတ္တဲ့ အက်င့္ရိွတယ္။ အခု ျဖစ္ေနပံုက ေခါင္းႏွစ္လံုးေႁမြနဲ႔တူတယ္။ အစာအိမ္တခုထဲ၊ ခႏၶာကိုယ္တခုထဲေပမဲ့ စားရဝါးရတဲ့အရသာကေတာ့ ပါးစပ္ တေပါက္စီနဲ႔မို႔ ကိုယ့္ပါးစပ္ေပါက္ပဲ ကိုယ္ထည့္ခ်င္ၾကတယ္။ အစာရွာေနတံုးလည္း ေခါင္းႏွစ္လံုးက မညီညြတ္ဘူး၊ တ ေခါင္းသြားခ်င္တဲ့ဘက္ က်န္တေခါင္းက မလိုက္ခ်င္ဘူး။ ေခါင္းတေခါင္းက အစာရသြားရင္လည္း ေနာက္တေခါင္းက ရန္ရွာတယ္။ အျမဲ တေခါင္းနဲ႔တေခါင္း ကိုက္တတ္ ခဲတတ္တယ္။ အဲ ႏွစ္ေခါင္းလံုးၿငိမ္ဖို႔က ပါးစပ္ႏွစ္ေပါက္စလံုး အစာ ရိွေနဖို႔ လိုတယ္။ ဒီေတာ့ ၂ဝ၁၅ မတိုင္ခင္ အာဏာရွင္ ေႁမြေခါင္းေတြ တေကာင္နဲ႔ တေကာင္ ကိုက္ၾကခဲၾကအံုးမယ္။ အစာလုၾက၊ မာန္ဖီၾကအံုးမယ္။ ၾကားထဲက ျပည္သူေတြပဲ အစားခံ၊ အမ်ဳိခံ၊ ဒါးစာခံျဖစ္ေနအံုးမယ္ စိတ္ခ်။
ျမန္မာျပည္မွာ ျပည္သူေတြ တိုးတက္ႀကီးပြားေအာင္ ျပည္သူ႔အက်ဳိးစီးပြားအတြက္ စိတ္ေစတနာေကာင္းနဲ႔ လုပ္တဲ့ အစိုးရမ်ဳိး ဘယ္တုန္းကၾကားဖူးလို႔လဲ။

Wednesday, July 3, 2013

Burma: Reformist President and the aggressive army

Burma: Reformist President and the aggressive army

By Zin Linn Jul 03, 2013 8:11PM UTC
During a radio address to the nation on Tuesday, President Thein Sein acknowledged the World Economic Forum East Asia Summit in Nay Pyi Taw last month, the state-run media highlighted on 2 July. The President said it had helped reconnect them with world markets and promote Burma/Myanmar to international investors.
“Towards this goal, we hosted. It is the first time Myanmar has hosted a Summit of this nature and caliber. We should all be proud as a nation to be able to successfully host a Summit that was attended by internationally recognized leaders and experts in political and economic realms,” he said, again noting his awareness to “promote Myanmar to international investors.”
According to him, the idea of the Summit — Courageous Transformation for Inclusion and Integration — also obeys the rules in view of the peace process and resource sharing connected to the wide-ranging economic development. He also expressed his thanks to the committee members – experts, civil servants, university students and volunteers – who took part making the World Economic Forum East Asia Summit a success.
However, he expressed his sorrow learning about the events in Malaysia where Myanmar/Burmese migrant workers were attacked.
It was an important lesson for the nation since some groups’ actions at home have impacted on fellow citizens living and working abroad, he advised in his radio speech. He also denounced extremist acts of a small group of individuals that use religion as a tool to cause fear and spread hatred between different faiths for their personal, political or economic gain. As a nation, all citizens have to work hard to prevent the future occurrence of similar misdemeanors, the President said.
President Thein Sein meets Lt. Gen. Yawdserk on 10 June, 2013 in NayPyiTaw. (Photo: Shan State Army Facebook)
The President also called for strengthening the capacities of the country’s diplomatic missions abroad to protect and promote the safety and well being of fellow citizens who have been working under unsympathetic conditions in foreign countries.
Then, he said that his government has been working hard for the lifting of economic sanctions imposed on the country. Recently, the International Labor Organization (ILO) lifted all sanctions and restored full membership to Myanmar which will help in strengthening the efforts to create economic development, he said.
The President also talked about the July 1, 2013 issue of Time Magazine which caused much anguish and conflict among the public.
“In connection with this matter, my government accepts that as the country takes its initial steps towards democracy, there may be different points of view expressed by sections of the public and national and international media. Indeed, you will be aware that I have worked to restore freedom of expression, accept plurality of opinions and reinvigorate civil society,” he said using the state media.
Particularly, he urged the international media to think about the nation’s reform process that contends with many facets including multicultural structure and historical events.
Finally, he explained briefly about the peace-building work carried out in June. He said he met with a RCSS/SSA delegation led by the group’s chairman. His government has to continue discussing with the KNU and KNPP, and have improved trust building efforts to support with peace-building, the President said. According to him, people have to hear good news with peace-building developments conveying gradually the prospect of long-lasting peace desired by all citizens.
On the other hand, the Restoration Council of Shan State / Shan State Army (RCSS/SSA) has issued a statement on 29 June, thanking the government for the 15 day trip to Naypyitaw and exhorting it to extend its invitation and hospitality to leaders of other movements as well, according to the Shan Herald Agency News.
“Facilitation by the Union Peacemaking Work Committee (UPWC) and the Myanmar Peace Center (MPC) had enabled us to meet and form cordial relations with leaders there. The result was that we were able to exchange our views and aspirations freely and frankly with them,” reads the 5-page statement, SHAN said.
As said by the statement, the President seems to be a “broad-minded” man but unable to make use of his authority above the military. “There are those within the leadership both who are for and against change. President Thein Sein has his work cut out for him in his quest for peace.”
The military, the statement said, is still bent on resorting to force to resolve differences. Even Vice-Senior Gen Soe Win, army commander in chief, whom the delegation met with, acknowledged that the two sides had fought 97 clashes since May 2012.
Although President Thein Sein has repeatedly affirmed to create long-lasting peace in Shan State, its military has repeatedly violated ceasefire agreement with Shan State Army which may lead to damaging the president’s reform aspiration.